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Epinephrine
Essential medicine status
General description
Epinephrine (adrenaline) is an adrenal hormone with sympathomimetic activity. It has multiple therapeutic uses including management of severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis), and management of life-threatening emergencies such as cardiac arrest, severe asthma and in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
INN
Epinephrine
Medicine type
Biological agent
EML status history
First added in 1977 (TRS 615) for Asthma
Added in 1979 (TRS 641) for Anaphylaxis
Added in 1997 (TRS 882) for Cardiac arrest
Therapeutic equivalent for
Wikipedia
DrugBank
Recommendations
Section
Antiallergics and medicines used in anaphylaxis
  • Parenteral > General injections > unspecified: 1 mg in 1 mL ampoule (as hydrochloride or hydrogen tartrate)
Indications
Section
Antiarrhythmic medicines
  • Parenteral > General injections > IV: 100 µg per mL in 10 mL ampoule (as acid tartrate or hydrochloride)
Indications
Section
Ophthalmological preparations > Mydriatics
  • Local > Ophthalmological > Solution (eye drops): 2% (as hydrochloride)
Section
Antiasthmatic and medicines for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Parenteral > General injections > unspecified: 1 mg per mL in ampoule (as hydrochloride or hydrogen tartrate)