Lidocaine is used in the management of cardiac arrhythmias. Lidocaine is also a local anaesthetic used for surface anaesthesia of mucous membranes, infiltration anaesthesia, peripheral and sympathetic nerve block, dental anaesthesia, spinal anaesthesia, and intravenous regional anaesthesia.
EML status history
First added in 1977 (TRS 615) for Local anaesthetics
Added in 1977 (TRS 615) for Ventricular tachyarrhythmia
- Parenteral > Locoregional injections > Spinal anaesthesia: 5% in 2 mL ampoule (hydrochloride) + 7.5% glucose solution
- Parenteral > Locoregional injections > Other: 1% in vial (hydrochloride); 2% in vial (hydrochloride)
- Local > Topical > unspecified: 2 to 4% (hydrochloride)
- Parenteral > General injections > IV: 20 mg per mL in 5 mL ampoule (hydrochloride)