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Lidocaine
Essential medicine status
General description
Lidocaine is used in the management of cardiac arrhythmias. Lidocaine is also a local anaesthetic used for surface anaesthesia of mucous membranes, infiltration anaesthesia, peripheral and sympathetic nerve block, dental anaesthesia, spinal anaesthesia, and intravenous regional anaesthesia.
INN
Lidocaine
Medicine type
Chemical agent
EML status history
First added in 1977 (TRS 615) for Anesthesia local
Therapeutic equivalent for
Wikipedia
DrugBank
Recommendations
Section
Local anaesthetics
  • Parenteral > Locoregional injections > Spinal anaesthesia: 5% in 2 mL ampoule (hydrochloride) + 7.5% glucose solution
  • Parenteral > Locoregional injections > Other: 1% in vial (hydrochloride); 2% in vial (hydrochloride)
  • Local > Topical > unspecified: 2 to 4% (hydrochloride)
Indications
Section
Antiarrhythmic medicines
  • Parenteral > General injections > IV: 20 mg per mL in 5 mL ampoule (hydrochloride)