ATC codes: A07CA
Other specified disorders of fluid, electrolyte or acid-base balance ICD11 code: 5C5Y
Medicine type
Chemical agent
List type
Core (EML)
Additional notes
Trisodium citrate dihydrate may be replaced by sodium hydrogen carbonate (sodium bicarbonate) 2.5 g/L. However, as the stability of the latter formulation is very poor under tropical conditions, it is recommended only when manufactured for immediate use.
Powder for dilution in 200 mL, 500 mL, 1 L: - glucose 75 mEq - sodium 75 mEq or mmol/L - chloride 65 mEq or mmol/L - potassium 20 mEq or mmol/L - citrate 10 mmol/L - osmolarity 245 mOsm/L - glucose 13.5 g/L - sodium chloride 2.6 g/L - potassium chloride 1.5 g/L - trisodium citrate dihydrate 2.9 g/L
EML status history
First added in 1977 (TRS 615)
Changed in 1984 (TRS 722)
Changed in 2003 (TRS 920)
Changed in 2007 (TRS 950)
Also recommended for children
Therapeutic alternatives
The recommendation is for this specific medicine
Patent information
Patents have expired in most jurisdictions
Summary of evidence and Expert Committee recommendations
The EMLc Subcommittee endorsed the inclusion of oral rehydration salts on the EMLc for use in the management of fluid and electrolyte imbalance.