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Essential medicine status
ATC codes: N03AA02
EMLc
Indication
Epilepsy or seizures ICD11 code: 8A6Z
INN
Phenobarbital
Medicine type
Chemical agent
List type
Core
Formulations
Oral > Liquid: 15 mg per 5 mL
Oral > Solid: 15 to 100 mg
EML status history
First added in 1977 (TRS 615)
Changed in 1979 (TRS 641)
Changed in 1987 (TRS 770)
Changed in 2007 (TRS 950)
Sex
All
Age
Also recommended for children
Therapeutic equivalence
The recommendation is for this specific medicine
Patent information
Patents have expired in most jurisdictions
Summary of evidence and Expert Committee recommendations
The EMLc Subcommittee endorsed the inclusion of phenobarbital tablets and oral liquid on the EMLc as an antiepileptic medicine.