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Essential medicine status
ATC codes: N03AA02
EMLc
Indication
Status epilepticus ICD11 code: 8A66.Z
INN
Phenobarbital
Medicine type
Chemical agent
List type
Core
Formulations
Parenteral > General injections > IV: 200 mg per mL in ampoule (phenobarbital sodium)
EML status history
First added in 2007 (TRS 946)
Changed in 2007 (TRS 950)
Sex
All
Age
Also recommended for children
Therapeutic equivalence
The recommendation is for this specific medicine
Patent information
Patents have expired in most jurisdictions
Summary of evidence and Expert Committee recommendations
The EMLc Subcommittee endorsed the inclusion of phenobarbital on the core list of the EMLc for status epilepticus refractory to initial treatment with benzodiazepines.