ATC codes: A07BA01
Unspecified injury, poisoning or certain other consequences of external causes ICD11 code: NF2Z
Medicine type
Chemical agent
List type
Core (EML)
Oral > Other: powder
EML status history
First added in 1977 (TRS 615)
Changed in 1979 (TRS 641)
Changed in 1987 (TRS 770)
Changed in 2003 (TRS 920)
Changed in 2007 (TRS 950)
Also recommended for children
Therapeutic alternatives
The recommendation is for this specific medicine
Patent information
Patents have expired in most jurisdictions
Summary of evidence and Expert Committee recommendations
Activated charcoal was included on the first EMLc in 2007 as a non-specific antidote for poisoning. The EMLc Subcommittee noted that accidental poisoning with a variety of substances is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in children in developing countries, particularly, for example, due to ingestion of unsafely stored pesticides. Activated charcoal as a non-specific antidote was identified as essential for children although was not licensed in the sample of markets assessed. However, the Subcommittee considered that there was sufficient experience in the use of activated charcoal in children to endorse it as essential.