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Essential medicine status
ATC codes: N03AB02
EMLc
Indication
Epilepsy or seizures ICD11 code: 8A6Z
INN
Phenytoin
Medicine type
Chemical agent
List type
Core The presence of both 25 mg/5 mL and 30 mg/5 mL oral liquid strengths on the same market would cause confusion in prescribing and dispensing and should be avoided.
Formulations
Oral > Liquid: 25 to 30 mg per 5 mL
Oral > Solid: 25 mg (sodium salt) ; 100 mg (sodium salt) ; 50 mg (sodium salt) ; 50 mg chewable tablet
Parenteral > General injections > unspecified: 50 mg per mL in 5 vial (sodium salt)
EML status history
First added in 1977 (TRS 615)
Changed in 1979 (TRS 641)
Changed in 1993 (TRS 850)
Changed in 2007 (TRS 946)
Changed in 2007 (TRS 950)
Sex
All
Age
Also recommended for children
Therapeutic equivalence
The recommendation is for this specific medicine
Patent information
Patents have expired in most jurisdictions
Wikipedia
DrugBank
Summary of evidence and Expert Committee recommendations
The EMLc Subcommittee endorsed the inclusion of phenytoin on the core list of the first EMLc as an antiepilpetic medicine.